Diabetes is a common condition that affects almost four million people in the UK.
It’s a lifelong condition that causes the level of sugar in the blood to become too high.
Making some small diet changes could help to maintain a normal blood sugar.
Diabetics should consider taking chromium, cinnamon or vitamin D supplements to reduce symptoms, it’s been claimed.
Taking chromium supplements could help to reduce insulin resistance, according to diabetes physician Dr David Cavan.
Lowering insulin resistance is crucial for patients in reversing their diabetes, he said.
While you can boost your intake of chromium by eating certain foods, it’s more effective by taking supplements, studies have revealed.
The best effects were seen with chromium picolinate at doses of 400mcg to 1,000mcg a day.
“Chromium is found in foods such as meat, liver and wholegrains,” said Cavan.
“However, most of the chromium is removed during refining processes, especially in the production of white flour.”
Taking just a small dose of cinnamon could help to reduce diabetes symptoms, said Cavan.
“One study of people with type 2 diabetes, treated with sulfonylurea tablets, showed that taking a small dose [as little as 1g per day] of cinnamon cassia led to a significant reduction in fasting levels of both good glucose and cholesterol,” he said.
Diabetics could lower their glucose levels by having a teaspoon of cinnamon a day.
A single teaspoon is the equivalent to about 3g of cinnamon, and is recommended by some nutritionists, added Cavan.
A vitamin D deficiency has been linked to a higher risk of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
Vitamin D supplements could therefore help to prevent the high blood sugar condition.
“There is certainly no harm in taking a small supplement of vitamin D [e.g 25mcg a day].”
The Department of Health recommends all adults take a vitamin D supplement during the winter months to avoid a deficiency.
“It is very important that your doctor is aware of any supplements you are taking,” added Cavan.