The £17 million facility in the country’s arid Qaidam Basin, near the city of Mang-ai, which is said to be the closest environment to resemble Mars on Earth.
The state-of-the-art complex – built by Chinese space agency CNSA – has room for 60 people, who will complete the types of tasks they will need to do if humans seek a new Martian existence.
Even more amazingly, officials want the facility to be open to tourists, although they have remained tight-lipped about how much a stay there would cost.
Wu Weiren, the chief designer of China‘s lunar exploration program, revealed the colonisation of Mars is firmly in Chinese sights.
Speaking at the opening of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), he said: “Over the past 60 years, we’ve made a lot of achievements, but there is still a large distance from the world space powers – we must speed up our pace.
“Next year, we will launch a Mars probe, which will orbit around the Mars, land on it and probe it.”
China has recently been making huge advances in terms of space dominance and exploration.
Last year, it became the first country ever to land probes on the far-side of the moon.
Chang’e-4 and Yutu-2 will collect lunar samples that will be brought back to Earth to be studied.
Only the Soviet Union and the United States have sent astronauts to the moon before China.