Moses remains one of the most important figures in the Bible and his story in Exodus remains much of the foundations of the Old Testament.
But historians have debated for years whether the character was a real-life person.
And researcher Matt Sibson may have found the answer, after tracing the biblical timeline of Moses to the history books.
The Bible suggests that Moses was born c.1400BC and lived until c.1280BC.
Matt matched this period to the history books and found that this meant that ‘Pharaoh of Exodus must be referring to a number of different Egyptian kings.
The historian believes the Hyksos were the biblical Israelites that Moses originated from.
Historical timelines suggest the Hyksos were defeated in a war before the Egyptians took back the throne and were cast out.
Those that remained – Matt believes – were put into slavery under Thutmose I just like those in the Bible.
“As we know [in the Bible], Pharaoh ordered every Hebrew boy that is born to be thrown in the Nile, meaning Thutmose would have wanted the Hyksos eradicated to stop their population growing and any possible threat to the throne,” he explained.
“This means that the princess that discovered Moses in the basket on the Nile must be the daughter of Tuthmose – Hatshepsut.”
Matt goes on to explain another coincidence that could prove Hatshepsut was Moses’ non-biological mother.
“We do know that Hatshepsut bore the title ‘the Pharaoh’s daughter’ and was much loved and favoured,” he added.
“In Exodus, the princess is also referred to ‘the Pharaoh’s daughter’ and, yes, this could just mean she was the daughter of the Pharaoh but it could also recording her exact title bestowed by Tuthmose 1.”
It is not until Hatshepsut then takes the throne after the death of her late husband, Thutmose II, that the real-life figure of Moses becomes apparent, according to Matt.
Her closest advisor as Pharaoh was a man named Senenmut – who appears to match closely to Biblical character of Moses.
“He was apparently a low commoner but became Hatshepsut most trusted advisor and the personal tutor of her daughter,” Matt explains.”He held many esteemed titles and apart from Hatshepsut herself, nobody had more power in Egypt at the time than him.”
One final coincidence links Senenmut to Moses.
Matt – using Scott Alan Roberts’ essay The Senenmut Connection – points out that Senenmut disappeared from Egypt in 1486BC.
“According to one interpretation of the biblical timeline, Moses killed an Egyptian and fled the country in 1486BC,” he said.
“In looking for a historical Moses, in my opinion, Scott Alan Roberts is right and Senenmut is the best possible option.”
It comes following claims that the great pyramids weren’t built to be tombs.